How Russia saved the 2023 budget

Janis Kluge unpacks what a weakened rouble, persistent sanctions and oil price fluctuations will mean for Russia’s budgetary balancing

Reading Russia’s war budget

Janis Kluge combs through the latest Russian finance ministry statistics to assess the true extent of Russia’s budgetary woes

The Lisbon-Vladivostok illusion

Janis Kluge, Michael Richter on why from the Kremlin’s perspective, truly attempting economic integration with the EU means risking political instability